CPM® S90V Stainless Steel Data Sheet

CPM S90V is a martensitic stainless steel that provides excellent wear resistance and good corrosion resistance. CPM S90V offers much better wear resistance than 440C and D-2, while providing corrosion resistance equal to or better than 440C. The toughness of CPM S90V is slightly better than 440C. The high carbon content combines with the vanadium to form vanadium carbides, which provides the wear resistance, while leaving the chromium free to provide the corrosion resistance.

Chemical Composition

Carbon 2.3%
Chromium 14.00%
Vanadium 9.00%
Molybdenum 1.00%

Typical Applications

Long-Wear Specialty Cutlery
Wear Components for Food and Chemical Processing
Pelletiziing Blades
Plastic Injection Screws
Bearings, Bushings, Rolls and Valves
Gear Pumps
Industrial Slitters, Knives and Cutters
Plastic Extrusion Dies

Corrosion Resistance
Average Pitting Potential measurements from Polarization Curves run in 5% NaCl (Sodium Chloride) Solution at Room Temperature: (Higher voltage pitting potential indicates better corrosion resistance.)

Thermal Treatments
Preheat: Optional preheat stage for unbalanced geometries or complex designs - Heat to 1550-1600°F (845-870°C) Equalize.

Austenize: 1900-2000°F (1035-1095°C), hold time at temperature 15-30 minutes.

Quench: Air or positive pressure quench (2 bar minimum) to below 125°F (50°C), or salt or interrupted oil quench to about 1000°F (540°C), then air cool to below 125°F (50°C). Accelerated air quenching works well for thin sections, while minimizing warpage.

Tempering: Double temper at 400-750°F (200-400°C). Hold for 2 hours minimum each time. (See Table) Avoid tempering between 800F-1000F (420-540C), embrittlement may occur. A cryogenic treatment may be used between the first and second tempers. Cryogenic treatments help to attain maximum hardenability and must always be followed by at least one temper. NOTE: CPM S30V may be tempered at 1000-1025°F (540-550°C)for optimum stress relieving, . Tempering in this range may result in slightly lower corrosion resistance.

Cryogenic Treatments: Refrigeration treatments may improve long term dimensional stability by transforming retained austenite. Refrigeration treatments should generally be performed after the first temper, and must be followed by a temper.

Heat Treat Response

Austentizing Temp.
Tempering Temp 2050F 2100F 2150F
As Quenched 616263
400F (200C)606061
600F (315F)585960
1000F (540C)575959
Min. Time
at Aust. Temp.30 min.30 min.15 min.
Min. Number
of Tempers222

Surface Treatments

Nitriding decreases the corrosion resistance of stainless steels and is generally not recommended for stainless steels.


Heat to 1650°F (900°C), hold 2 hours, slow cool no faster than 25°F (15°C) per hour to 1100°F (595°C), then furnace cool or cool in still air to room temperature.
Annealed Hardness: About BHN 277

Stress Relieving

Annealed Material: Heat to 1200/1250F(650/675C), hold two hours, cool in still air.
Hardened Material: Heat to 25F(15C) below original tempering temperature, hold two hours, cool in still air.


Use 440C or 420 stainless steel filler material.
Annealed Material: Preheat 600/800F(320/430C), maintain over 600F(320C) during welding. Reanneal or temper 1200/1400F(650/760C) for 4 hours after welding.
Hardened Material: Preheat to 50F(30C) below original tempering temperature (400F (205C) minimum). Maintain above 400F(205C) during welding. Cool to 150F(65C) after welding. Temper immediately 25F(15C) below original tempering temperature. Minimum 400F(205C)

Physical Properties

Modulus of Elasticity31psix10(6) (215 GPa)
Density0.27 lb/in3 (7400 kg/M3)
Thermal Conductivity10.0 BTU/hr./ft./F 17.3 W/m/ °K)

GradeEdge RetentionToughness
CARTA Test ResultsTransverse C-Notch
CPM S90V235%3.0 ft. lbs.
154 CM120%2.5 ft. lbs.
440C100%2.5 ft. lbs.

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