Conventional tool steel production is the most common method of producing tool steels. Commonly produced grades include A-2, D-2, S-7 and H-13.
The conventional tool steel production process begins with the selection of the raw materials. Iron is the base element in all steel. Iron is introduced into the furnace usually through the use of steel scrap. This steel scrap contains both the iron and carbon, both essential elements in any steel production. This iron base is loaded into the melting furnace.
Modern steelmaking uses an electric arc furnace for melting of the raw materials. After the steel scrap is loaded into the funace, the other essential elements such as manganese, silicon, chromium, vanadium, tungsten and carbon, in the proper proportions, are added. The materials in the furnace are now called a "charge".
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